Africa

Stopping Deforestation and Reversing Nature Loss

Mighty Earth is working to protect key African ecosystems from destructive agriculture practices.

WEST AFRICAN GUINEAN FORESTS AND WOODED SAVANNAH

The Upper Guinean tropical forests cover large parts of West Africa, extending from Guinea in the west to Togo in the east, and once formed a dense canopy extending a few hundred north from the Atlantic coast. A global biodiversity hotspot, this landscape has come under intense pressure from mining and farming, with crops such as cocoa, palm oil, and rubber replacing much of the native forest in countries like Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana. In the northern parts of the region, the dense humid tropical forest gives way to a wooded savannah landscape, home to rare plant species and wildlife which are under pressure from the rapid expansion of cashew farming. Mighty Earth is working with our local partners in the region to bring a halt to this destruction and restore the native forests and wildlife habitats.

LOWER GUINEAN FORESTS AND WESTERN CONGO BASIN

The Lower Guinean and Western Congo Basin forests dominate the landscape of West Central Africa, occupying southern Benin and Nigeria, and extending to the south into Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, and Gabon. These critical habitats, home to much of Africa’s remaining lowland tropical rainforests and associated wildlife, are also under attack, with large scale rubber and palm oil plantations contributing to widespread deforestation, alongside pressures such as illegal timber extraction and mining. Mighty Earth is working in the region to hold large commodity companies to account to reverse this devastation.

  • 80%

    Extent of forests lost in Côte d’Ivoire.

  • 130,000 hectares

    The amount of primary forest destroyed in Ghana between 2002-2022, 12% of the total remaining.

  • 820,000 hectares

    Area of tropical deforestation in Africa in 2022 alone.

  • 520km2

    Amount of deforestation linked industrial rubber plantations in west and central Africa since 2000

  • 37.4% and 13.5%

    Share of recent cocoa-driven deforestation in protected areas of Ivory Coast and Ghana, respectively

Explore Our Work

Cameroon

Côte d’Ivoire

Ghana

Cocoa

Tell Starbucks to come clean on cocoa

When it comes to paying farmers a living income, addressing child labor, or protecting forests, Starbucks is evading accountability.

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Reports

The Cashew Conundrum

How global demand for superfood is driving nature loss and risking food security in Côte d’Ivoire

Read The Report

News

Cocoa farmers deserve fair and living wages!
14/Feb/2024
Why West African Farmers Have Fallen Out of Love with Cocoa
06/Feb/2024
Protest at Amsterdam cocoa week targets German chocolate giant Storck’s unethical cocoa sourcing
chocolate decorations hanging on a christmas tree
22/Dec/2023
A call for improving farmer likelihood in the cocoa sector
01/Dec/2023
Mighty Earth at COP28
New report warns global demand for cashews is driving nature loss and food insecurity in Côte d’Ivoire
08/Nov/2023
THE CASHEW CONUNDRUM: global demand for cashews is driving nature loss and food insecurity in Côte d’Ivoire
At Halloween peeking behind the mask of Starbuck’s shadowy chocolate sustainability
26/Oct/2023
Blog: At Halloween peeking behind the mask of Starbuck’s shadowy chocolate sustainability
Media Statement: More industry ambition needed on sustainable natural rubber after underwhelming conclusion to 15 months of negotiations
25/Oct/2023
Media Statement: More industry ambition needed on sustainable natural rubber after underwhelming conclusion to 15 months of negotiations
16/Aug/2023
Global NGO coalition launches campaign demanding Starbucks come clean on cocoa
27/Mar/2023
Chocolate Scorecard 2023: cocoa’s impact on deforestation and climate